Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or illness.
» Secrets to Lower Cholesterol more important to read
Cholesterol is a type of fat. Your body needs it for many things, such as making new cells. But too much cholesterol in your blood increases your chances of having a heart attack and stroke. You get cholesterol from the foods you eat and from your liver. Your liver makes most of the cholesterol your body needs.
Desirable cholesterol is less than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
Borderline-high cholesterol is 200 to 239.
High cholesterol is 240 or higher.
Cholesterol travels through your blood attached to a protein. This cholesterol- protein package is called a lipoprotein. Lipoproteins are either high-density or low-density, based on how much protein and fat they have.
Low-density Lipoproteins (LDL) are mostly fat with only a small amount of protein. LDL is the bad kind of cholesterol because it can clog your arteries. If you have high cholesterol, your doctor will want you to lower your LDL.
Best LDL is less than 100 mg/dL.
High-density Lipoproteins (HDL) help clear the bad cholesterol from your blood and keep it from clogging your arteries. HDL is the good kind of cholesterol. High levels of HDL (60 or above) can protect you from a heart attack.
Desirable or high HDL is 60 mg/dL
Triglycerides are another type of fat in your blood. If you have high triglycerides and high LDL, your chances of having a heart attack are higher.
Borderline high is 150 to 199
High cholesterol may run in your family. The foods you eat also may cause high cholesterol. The most common causes include:
Your diet: Eating too much saturated fat and cholesterol can cause high readings. Saturated fat and cholesterol come from animal foods such as beef, pork, veal, milk, eggs, butter, and cheese. Many packaged foods contain saturated fat such as coconut oil, palm oil, or cocoa butter. You will also find saturated fat in stick margarine and vegetable shortening. Cookies, crackers, chips, and other snacks usually contain partially hydrogenated vegetable oil or trans fat, which can raise cholesterol.
Your weight: Being overweight may raise triglycerides and lower HDL.
Your activity level: Not exercising may raise LDL and lower HDL.
Your overall health: Having diseases such as low thyroid can raise cholesterol. Cigarette smoking may lower HDL.
Your age: After you reach age 20, your cholesterol starts to rise. In men, cholesterol levels usually level off after age 50. In women, cholesterol levels stay fairly low until menopause. After that, they rise to about the same level as in men.
Your family: A disease called a lipid disorder can also cause high cholesterol. This rare problem is inherited from family members, and it changes how your body handles cholesterol. If you have a lipid disorder, your cholesterol may be well over 250 mg/dL. It may be harder to treat.
What are the symptoms?
High cholesterol doesn't make you feel sick. But if cholesterol builds up in your arteries, it can block blood flow to your heart or brain and cause a heart attack or stroke. In some people, cholesterol deposits called xanthomas may form under the skin. They look like small bumps.
Your doctor will use a blood test to check your cholesterol. A lipoprotein analysis is the most complete test. It measures your total cholesterol: HDL, LDL, and triglycerides. You cannot have food for 12 hours before this test. A simple cholesterol test can measure your total cholesterol and HDL. You can eat before this test. Sometimes doctors do this test first and then order a lipoprotein analysis if you have high cholesterol or low HDL.
You and your doctor may decide first to treat your high cholesterol without medicine. Changes to your lifestyle and diet may be all you need. These changes include eating foods low in saturated fat, being more active, losing weight if you need to, and quitting smoking if needed. If you cannot lower your cholesterol enough after trying lifestyle changes for a few months, you may need to take a medicine called a statin.
If you have high blood pressure, diabetes, or coronary artery disease (CAD), your doctor may want you to take a statin right away. This is because your chance of having a heart attack is higher.
Things that increase your risk for heart attack include:
01. Oatmeal and Oat Bran (Soluble fiber-rich grain)
02. Salmon, Sardines & fatty fish (Heart-Friendly Omega-3 Fat)
03. Mixed Nuts (Walnuts, Cashews, Hazelnuts, Pistachio and Almonds)
04. Beans and Lentils (Heart-healthy Fiber Solution)
05. Tea (Hot and Cool Super-drink)
06. Dark Chocolate (Sweet Heart Bonus)
07. Margarine (Best Spreads for Your Breads)
08. Spinach (Heart Healthy Green Giant)
09. Avocado (Healthy Fat Super-food)
10. Garlic (Ancient Herb for Heart Health)
11. Olive and canola oil (High in monounsaturated fat; improve your overall cholesterol profile)
12. Soy (Replacement for meat and cheese)
13. Oranges (Soluble fiber)
Out with the bad
creeps upward and protective HDL drifts downward largely because of diet and
other lifestyle choices. Genes play a role, too — some people are
genetically programmed to respond more readily to what they eat — but genes
aren't something you can change. Here are four things you can:
17 - Secrets to Lower Cholesterol
Send this helpful article to anyone important in your life.