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  History of Currency 

Currency, in economics, term designating all the circulating media of exchange of a country. In this sense, a currency includes coins and paper money. Coins are generally designated as metallic currency, and paper money and credit instruments, as paper currency. Further distinctions are made in the latter classification: Government notes are called government currency; bank notes are designated as bank currency; and checks drawn on bank deposits are called deposit currency. The volume of currency needed to transact the business of a country is determined, basically, by the volume of commodities and services in circulation. Ordinarily, the larger the volume of commodities and services, the greater the volume of currency needed to circulate them.

  • In 1024, the Song (Sung) dynasty government in China takes over the banks of Chengtu, in Szechwan. Their certificates of deposit then become official and thus become the first paper currency in the world.

  • An official mint was established in the United States in 1792 and began producing coins in 1793.

  • The first United States dollars were issued by the federal government in 1794. Dollar is the standard value, or unit of account, in the monetary systems of the United States and Canada.

  • In 1806, English engineer Joseph Bramah invents a printing machine that prints serial numbers on bank notes.

  • International Monetary Fund (IMF) is a specialized agency of the United Nations with its headquarters in Washington, D.C., established under the 1944 Bretton Woods agreement and operational since 1947.

  World Currencies 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
World Currency List derived from http://www.xe.com.
We are thankful for this kind support to make this page possible!

There are over 180 currencies in over 250 geographical locations around the world.

Click the alphabetical letter of the country to access:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

       

S/N

Name of Country

Name of Currency

Intn'l Code

1.

Afghanistan

Afghani

AFA

2.

Albania

Lek

ALL

3.

Algeria

Dinar

DZD

4.

American Samoa

United States Dollar

USD

5.

Andorra

Euro

EUR

6.

Angola

Kwanza

AOA

7.

Anguilla

East Caribbean Dollar

XCD

8.

Antigua and Barbuda

East Caribbean Dollar

XCD

9.

Argentina

Peso

ARS

10.

Armenia

Dram

AMD

11.

Aruba

Guilder

AWG

12.

Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Australia Dollar

AUD

13.

Australia

Dollar

AUD

14.

Austria

Euro (Obsolete=Shilling)

EUR

15.

Azerbaijan

Manat

AZM

16.

Azores

Euro

EUR

17.

Bahamas

Dollar

BSD

18.

Bahrain

Dinar

BHD

19.

Bajan (Barbados)

Dollar

BBD

20.

Balearic Islands

Euro

EUR

21.

Bangladesh

Taka

BDT

22.

Barbados

Dollar

BBD

23.

Belarus

Ruble

BYR

24.

Belgium

Euro (Obsolete=Franc)

EUR

25.

Belize

Dollar

BZD

26.

Benin

CFA Franc BCEAO

XOF

27.

Bermuda

Dollar

BMD

28.

Bhutan

Indian Rupee, Ngultrum

INR, BTN

29.

Bolivia

Boliviano

BOB

30.

Bonaire

Netherlands Antilles Guilder

ANG

31.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Convertible Marka

BAM

32.

Botswana

Pula

BWP

33.

Brazil

Real

BRL

34.

British Indian Ocean Territory

United Kingdom Pound

GBP

35.

British Indian Ocean Territory

United States Dollar

USD

36.

British Virgin Islands

United States Dollar

USD

37.

Brunei

Dollar, Singapore Dollar

BND, SGD

38.

Bulgaria

Lev

BGN

39.

Burkina Faso

CFA Franc BCEAO

XOF

40.

Burma (Myanmar)

Kyat

MMK

41.

Burundi

Franc

BIF

42.

Cambodia

Riel

KHR

43.

Cameroon

CFA Franc BCEAO

XOF

44.

Canada

Dollar

CAD

45.

Canary Islands

Euro

EUR

46.

Cape Verde

Escudo

CVE

47.

Cayman Islands

Dollar

KYD

48.

Central African Republic

CFA Franc BCEAO

XOF

49.

Communauté Financière Africaine

BEAC Franc

XAF

50.

Communauté Financière Africaine

BCEAO Franc

XOF

51.

Chad

CFA Franc BCEAO

XOF

52.

Chile

Peso

CLP

53.

China (People's Republic of)

Yuan Renminbi

CNY

54.

Christmas Island

Australia Dollar

AUD

55.

Cocos (Keeling Islands)

Australia Dollar

AUD

56.

Colombia

Peso

COP

57.

Comoros

Franc

KMF

58.

Comptoirs Français du Pacifique

Franc

XPF

59.

Congo/Brazzaville

CFA Franc BEAC

XAF

60.

Congo/Kinshasa

Franc

CDF

61.

Cook Islands

New Zealand Dollar

NZD

62.

Coral Sea Islands

Australia Dollar

AUD

63.

Costa Rica

Colon

CRC

64.

Croatia

Kuna

HRK

65.

Cuba

Convertible Peso, Peso

CUC, CUP

66.

Curaço

Netherlands Antilles Guilder

ANG

67.

Cyprus

Pound

CYP

68.

Czech Republic

Koruna

CZK

69.

Denmark

Krone

DKK

70.

Djibouti

Franc

DJF

71.

Dominica

East Caribbean Dollar

XCD

72.

Dominican Republic

Peso

DOP

73.

Dutch (Netherlands)

Euro (Obsolete=Guilder)

EUR

74.

East Caribbean

Dollar

XCD

75.

East Timor

United States Dollar

USD

76.

Ecuador

United States Dollar

USD

77.

Egypt

Pound

EGP

78.

El Salvador

Colon, United States Dollar

SVC, USD

79.

Equatorial Guinea

CFA Franc BEAC

XAF

80.

Eritrea

Nakfa

ERN

81.

Estonia

Kroon

EEK

82.

Ethiopia

Birr

ETB

83.

Europa Island

Euro

EUR

84.

Falkland Islands

Pound

FKP

85.

Faroe Islands

Denmark Krone

DKK

86.

Fiji

Dollar

FJD

87.

Finland

Euro (Obsolete=Markka)

EUR

88.

France

Euro (Obsolete=Franc)

EUR

89.

French Guiana

Euro

EUR

90.

French Polynesia

Euro

EUR

91.

French Southern & Antarctic Lands

Euro

EUR

92.

Gabon

CFA Franc BEAC

XAF

93.

Gambia

Dalasi

GMD

94.

Gaza Strip

Israel New Shekel

ILS

95.

Georgia

Lari

GEL

96.

Germany

Euro (Obsolete=Deutsche Mark)

EUR

97.

Ghana

Cedi

GHC

98.

Gibraltar

Pound

GIP

99.

Greece

Euro (Obsolete=Drachma)

EUR

100.

Greenland

Denmark Krone

DKK

101.

Grenada

East Caribbean Dollar

XCD

102.

Guadeloupe

Euro

EUR

103.

Guam

United States Dollar

USD

104.

Guatemala

Quetzal

GTQ

105.

Guernsey

Pound

GGP

106.

Guinea

Franc

GNF

107.

Guinea-Bissau

CFA Franc BCEAO

XOF

108.

Guyana

Dollar

GYD

109.

Haiti

Gourde

HTG

110.

Holland (Netherlands)

Euro (Obsolete=Guilder)

EUR

111.

Holy See (Vatican City)

Euro (Obsolete=Lira)

EUR

112.

Honduras

Lempira

HNL

113.

Hong Kong

Dollar

HKD

114.

Hungary

Forint

HUF

115.

Iceland

Krona

ISK

116.

India

Rupee

INR

117.

Indonesia

Rupiah

IDR

118.

Iran

Rial

IRR

119.

Iraq

Dinar

IQD

120.

Ireland

Euro (Obsolete=Pound)

EUR

121.

Islas Malvinas (Falkland Islands)

Pound

FKP

122.

Isle of Man

Pound

IMP

123.

Israel

New Shekel

ILS

124.

Italy

Euro (Obsolete=Lira)

EUR

125.

Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)

CFA Franc BCEAO

XOF

126.

Jamaica

Dollar

JMD

127.

Japan

Yen

JPY

128.

Jersey

Pound

JEP

129.

Johnson

United States Dollar

USD

130.

Jordan

Dinar

JOD

131.

Juan de Nova

Euro

EUR

132.

Kazakhstan

Tenge

KZT

133.

Kenya

Shilling

KES

134.

Kiribati

Australia Dollar

AUD

135.

Kuwait

Dinar

KWD

136.

Kyrgyzstan

Som

KGS

137.

Laos

Kip

LAK

138.

Latvia

Lat

LVL

139.

Lebanon

Pound

LBP

140.

Lesotho

Loti

LSL

141.

Liberia

Dollar

LRD

142.

Libya

Dinar

LYD

143.

Liechtenstein

Switzerland Franc

CHF

144.

Lithuania

Litas

LTL

145.

Luxembourg

Euro (Obsolete=Franc)

EUR

146.

Macau

Pataca

MOP

147.

Macedonia

Denar

MKD

148.

Madagascar

Ariary (Obsolete=Franc)

MGA

149.

Madeira Islands

Euro

EUR

150.

Malawi

Kwacha

MWK

151.

Malaysia

Ringgit

MYR

152.

Maldives

Rufiyaa

MVR

153.

Mali

CFA Franc BCEAO

XOF

154.

Malta

Lira

MTL

155.

Malvinas (Falkland Islands)

Pound

FKP

156.

Marshall Islands

United States Dollar

USD

157.

Martinique

Euro

EUR

158.

Mauritania

Ouguiya

MRO

159.

Mauritius

Rupee

MUR

160.

Mayotte

Euro

EUR

161.

Mexico

Peso

MXN

162.

Micronesia

United States Dollar

USD

163.

Midway Islands

United States Dollar

USD

164.

Moldova

Leu

MDL

165.

Monaco

Euro

EUR

166.

Mongolia

Tughrik

MNT

167.

Montenegro

Euro

EUR

168.

Montserrat

East Caribbean Dollar

XCD

169.

Morocco

Dirham

MAD

170.

Mozambique

Metical

MZM

171.

Myanmar (Burma)

Kyat

MMK

172.

Namibia

Dollar

NAD

173.

Nauru

Australian Dollar

AUD

174.

Navassa

Haiti Gourde

HTG

175.

Navassa

United States Dollar

USD

176.

Nepal

China Yuan Renminbi, Rupee

CNY, NPR

177.

Netherlands Antilles

Guilder

ANG

178.

Netherlands

Euro (Obsolete=Guilder

EUR

179.

New Caledonia

Comptoirs Français du Pacifique Franc

XPF

180.

New Zealand

Dollar

NZD

181.

Nicaragua

Cordoba

NIO

182.

Niger

CFA Franc BCEAO

XOF

183.

Nigeria

Naira

NGN

184.

Niue

New Zealand Dollar

NZD

185.

Norfolk Island

Australia Dollar

AUD

186.

North Korea

Won

KPW

187.

Northern Mariana Islands

United States Dollar

USD

188.

Norway

Krone

NOK

189.

Oman

Rial

OMR

190.

Pakistan

Rupee

PKR

191.

Palau

United States Dollar

USD

192.

Panama

Balboa,  United States Dollar

PAB, USD

193.

Papua New Guinea

Kina

PGK

194.

Paracel Islands

China Yuan Renminbi, Vietnam Dong

CNY, VND

195.

Paraguay

Guarani

PYG

196.

Peru

Nuevo Sol

PEN

197.

Philippines

Peso

PHP

198.

Pitcairn

New Zealand Dollar

NZD

199.

Poland

Zloty

PLN

200.

Portugal

Euro (Obsolete=Escudo)

EUR

201.

Puerto Rico

United States Dollar

USD

202.

Qatar

Riyal

QAR

203.

Reunion

Euro

EUR

204.

Romania

New Leu

RON

205.

Russia

Ruble

RUB

206.

Rwanda

Franc

RWF

207.

Saba

Netherlands Antilles Guilder

ANG

208.

Saint Helena

Pound

SHP

209.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

East Caribbean Dollar

XCD

210.

Saint Lucia

East Caribbean Dollar

XCD

211.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Euro

EUR

212.

Saint Vincent and The Grenadines

East Caribbean Dollar

XCD

213.

Saint-Martin

Euro

EUR

214.

Samoa

Tala

WST

215.

San Marino

Euro

EUR

216.

São Tome and Principe

Dobra

STD

217.

Saudi Arabia

Riyal

SAR

218.

Scotland (United Kingdom)

Pound

GBP

219.

Seborga

Luigino

SPL

220.

Senegal

CFA Franc BCEAO

XOF

221.

Serbia

Dinar

CSD

222.

Seychelles

Rupee

SCR

223.

Sierra Leone

Leone

SLL

224.

Singapore

Dollar

SGD

225.

Sint Eustatius

Netherlands Antilles Guilder

ANG

226.

Sint Maarten

Netherlands Antilles Guilder

ANG

227.

Slovakia

Koruna

SKK

228.

Slovenia

Tolar

SIT

229.

Solomon Islands

Dollar

SBD

230.

Somalia

Shilling

SOS

231.

South Africa

Rand

ZAR

232.

South Georgia

United Kingdom Pound

GBP

233.

South Korea

Won

KRW

234.

South Sandwich Islands

United Kingdom Pound

GBP

235.

Spain

Euro (Obsolete=Peseta)

EUR

236.

Sri Lanka

Rupee

LKR

237.

Sudan

Dinar

SDD

238.

Suriname

Dollar (Obsolete=Guilder)

SRD

239.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Norway Krone

NOK

240.

Swaziland

Lilangeni, South Africa Rand

SZL, ZAR

241.

Sweden

Krona

SEK

242.

Switzerland

Franc

CHF

243.

Syria

Pound

SYP

244.

Taiwan

New Dollar

TWD

245.

Tajikistan

Somoni,  Russian Ruble

TJS, RUB

246.

Tanzania

Shilling

TZS

247.

Thailand

Baht

THB

248.

Togo

CFA Franc BCEAO

XOF

249.

Tokelau

New Zealand Dollar

NZD

250.

Tonga

Pa'anga

TOP

251.

Transnistria

Moldova Leu

MDL

252.

Trinidad and Tobago

Dollar

TTD

253.

Tunisia

Dinar

TND

254.

Turkey

New Lira

TRY

255.

Turkmenistan

Manat

TMM

256.

Turks and Caicos Islands

United States Dollar

USD

257.

Tuvalu

Australia Dollar

AUD

258.

Tuvalu

Dollar

TVD

259.

Uganda

Shilling

UGX

260.

Ukraine

Hryvna

UAH

261.

United Arab Emirates

Dirham

AED

261.

United Kingdom (England, Great Britian)

Pound

GBP

262.

United States of America

Dollar

USD

263.

Uruguay

Peso

UYU

264.

Uzbekistan

Som

UZS

265.

Vanuatu

Vatu

VUV

266.

Vatican City

Euro (Obsolete=Lira)

EUR

267.

Venezuela

Bolivar

VEB

268.

Vietnam

Dong

VND

269.

Virgin Islands

United States Dollar

USD

270.

Wake Island

United States Dollar

USD

271.

Wallis and Futuna Islands

Comptoirs Français du Pacifique Franc

XPF

272.

West Bank

Israel New Shekel, Jordan Dinar

ILS, JOD

273.

Western Sahara

Morocco Dirham

MAD

274.

Western Samoa (Samoa)

Tala

WST

275.

Yemen

Rial

YER

276.

Zambia

Kwacha

ZMK

277.

Zimbabwe

Dollar

ZWD

Source: http://www.xe.com/ucc/

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