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The city of Lahore never sleeps

q Introduction of Lahore

q Geography, Climate & Demographics

q History
q Culture & Festivities

q City Landmarks
q Transport

q Miscellaneous

q Sister Cities of Lahore

q Panorama of Lahore

 

City Government Lahore (official website)
Lahore International Airport
Lahore Chamber of Commerce
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List of Colleges & Universities in Lahore
Lahore Business Directory

   

 Architecture of Lahore
Online Encyclopedia
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Lahore in pictures
 
Visit Lahore in detail
 Historical details
 Apna Lahore
Tomb of Anarkali
Tomb of Noor Jahan
 

13-Gates of Lahore City

» Akbari Gate 
» Kashmiri Gate
» Masti Gate
» Delhi Gate
» Bhati Gate
» Lohari Gate
» Mochi Gate
» Shahalmi Gate
» Taxali Gate
» Yakki Gate
» Mori Gate
» Shairanwala Gate
» Roshnai Gate 

Introduction

Lahore has 6.5 million inhabitants and thus the second biggest city in Pakistan. It is considered to be the 38th biggest city of the world. When the Indian subcontinent received independence in 1947, Lahore became the capital of West Punjab province, later known as Punjab province. In 1955 it was made the capital of the newly created West Pakistan province, which was reconstituted as Punjab province in 1970. Punjabi is the language of the province, and is the most widely spoken language in Lahore. Punjabi spoken by the people of Lahore is known as Lahori Punjabi due to a mixture of Punjabi and colloquial Urdu spoken in Lahore. Lahore has 9 Towns and ?? Union Councils.

Geography, Climate & Demographics

Lahore city is bounded on the north and west by the Sheikhupura District, on the east by India and on the south Kasur District. The Ravi River flows on the northern side of Lahore. Lahore city covers a total land area of 1,772 km² (684 sq. mile), but the city is still growing at a considerable rate. The city lies between 31°15′ and 31°45′ North latitude and 74°01′ and 74°39′ East longitude. Its elevation is 217 m (712 ft).

The climate of Lahore faces many extremes during the months of May, June, and July. During these months temperatures soar to 45–50 degrees Celsius which is the hottest time of the year. Following the end of July and beginning of August the monsoon seasons starts with heavy rainfall throughout the city as well as the province.

The minimum temperature varies between 39 and 26 degrees Celsius respectively, while December, January and February are the coldest months when temperature can drop to −1 degree Celsius and dropped to its lowest ever in January 2006 at −2. The city is situated on the flat alluvial plain at an average altitude of 706 feet above sea level. It lies in the upper Indus plain on the Ravi River, a tributary of the Indus.

According to the 1998 census 86.2%, or 6,896,000 of the population are Punjabis, 10.2% or 816,000 are Muhajirs. There are known to be more than a million Pashtun refugees in Lahore (the vast majority of whom are settling), probably about 15% of the population. Finally, the Seraikis at 0.4% number about 32,000. Many languages are spoken in Lahore, including Punjabi, Urdu and English.

History

Little is known of the history of the settlement prior to the Muslim period. Hindu legend attributes the founding of Lahore to Lava, or Loh, son of Rama (the hero of the Hindu epic Ramayana), after whom it is said to have been named Lohawar. It was the capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty from 1152 to 1186. The city became Muslim when Qutub-ud-din Aibak was crowned in 1206 and thus became the first Muslim Sultan of the subcontinent. During the 14th century the city was repeatedly attacked by the Mongols, and from 1524 to 1752 Lahore was part of the Mughal Empire. During Akbar's (Jellaladin Muhammad Akbár the Great 1542-1605) rule, Lahore was the capital of the empire from 1584 to 1598. Lahore's golden age began under the Mughals, and the city occasionally became the place of royal residence. During this time a massive fort, the Lahore Fort, which display magnificent examples of Kashi, or encaustic tile work was built on the fundaments of an older fort in the 1560s. This fort was later extended by Jahangir and Shah Jahan. The last of the great Mughals, Aurangzeb from 1658 until 1707, built the city's most famous monuments, the Badshahi Masjid Literally the 'Royal Mosque' and the Alamgiri Gate to the Lahore Fort. From the death of Aurangzeb to the accession of Ranjit Singh, Lahore was subjected to Sikh insurrections. With the invasion of Nader Shah, Lahore became an outpost 2of his empire, but its history thereafter was associated with the rise of the Sikhs. Under the Sikh ruler Ranjit Singh (1799-1839) it became the seat of a powerful government but declined again under his successors. The city passed under British rule in 1849.

Some of the old names of Lahore can be observed as:

  • Laha-noor

  • Loh-pur

  • Mahmood-pur

  • Samandpal Nagiri

  • Lohar-pur

Culture & Festivity

Lahore is a very festive city, the people of Lahore celebrate many traditions throughout the year, with blending of moghal, western and latest trends. As Lahore has large muslim population, Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha are celebrated in full swing with various concerts held in the city. Many people decorate their houses and light candles to light up the streets and houses.

Basant is a Punjab festival that marks the coming of spring. Basant celebrations in Pakistan are centered in Lahore and people from all over the country and abroad come to the city for the annual festivities. Kite flying competitions take place all over the city's rooftops during Basant. Currently the kite flying has been drawn under restriction by court due to a number of casualties caused every year by the strings used to fly kites. Now it is considered an illegal phenomenon, sadly a complete ban on kite flying has been put in place to prevent any more injuries. During 2006 the local Government of Punjab banned kite flying until further notice.

The Festival of Lamps or Mela Chiraghan is a very important and popular event in Lahore. This is celebrated at the same time as Basant, every spring on the last Friday of March outside the Shalimar Gardens. During the festival, people from all walks of life gather from all over the province to actively participate in the Festival. National Horse and Cattle Show is one of the most famous annual festivals, the National Horse and Cattle Show is also held in Spring in the Fortress Stadium. During the week long activities, there is a display of the finest livestock, horse and camel dances, tent pegging, colourful folk dances from all regions of Pakistan, mass-band displays and tattoo shows in the evenings.

On August 14, every year all over Pakistan, the people of Pakistan celebrate the day Pakistan gained its independence from the British Raj for an independent state for muslims. There are lots of celebrations in Lahore, the streets are full of joyful people singing and dancing. Concerts are held with many pop and classical singers.

City Landmarks

The old city was at one time surrounded by a wall and a moat, but these structures have been replaced, except in the North, by a garden. A circular road around the rampart provides access to the old city by 13 gates. Within the old city are found the mosque of Wazir Khan (1634) and the northern wall of Lahore Fort. Other old-city landmarks include the impressive Badshahi (Imperial) Mosque, built by Aurangzeb; Ranjit Singh's buildings and mausoleum; the Shahdara Gardens, containing the tomb of the Mughal emperor Jahangir and his wife Noor Jehan; and the magnificent Shalimar Gardens, laid out east of the city in 1641 by Shah Jahan and consisting of about 80 acres (32 hectares) of terraced gardens containing numerous fountains.

Transport

The Allama Iqbal International Airport Lahore is one of the most accessible cities of Pakistan. In addition to the historic Grand Trunk Road (G.T. Road), a motorway was completed in 2000, from Lahore to Islamabad. Due to Lahore ever increasing traffic problems the Government introduced many underpasses to ease congestions and prevent traffic jams. According to official figures, Lahore has the highest number of underpasses in Pakistan, due to an attempt by the government to link one end of the city to the other end. however, Lahore still has very high levels of air pollution and smog, which can accumulate over days due to Lahore having little precipitation throughout the year. this is also due to the industry growing at a a dizzying rate in Lahore, with lots of factories opening all the time.

The Pakistan Railways Headquarters is located in Lahore, the only railway operator in Pakistan fully owned by the Government. Pakistan Railways provides an important mode of transportation for commuters in Lahore. The railway connects the farthest corners of the country and brings them closer to Lahore for business, sight seeing, pilgrimage and education. It has been a great integrating force and forms the life line of the country by catering to its needs for large scale movement of people and freight in and out of Lahore. The Lahore Central Railway Station is also located in the heart of the city, which was built during the British Colonial era.

As air travel has been on the rise, the Government built a completely new airport for the city that was constructed in 2003. It was named Allama Iqbal International Airport after the national poet of Pakistan Mohammed Iqbal. It facilitates for the increasing demand by passengers and the growth of the city for which it was built to accommodate. It is served by many international airlines as well as the national flag carrier, Pakistan International Airlines. With the opening of Allama Iqbal International Airport, the previous airport now operates as the Hajj Terminal to facilitate the great influx of pilgrims traveling to Saudi Arabia to perform the hajj every year. The Hajj services are operated by the national flag carrier, Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), however recent news suggests that the Government is going to allow all airlines operating to Pakistan to airlift pilgrims.

Miscellaneous

Lahore consists of an old city area flanked on the south by newer commercial, industrial, and residential areas that are in turn ringed by suburbs. An important educational centre, Lahore is the seat of the University of the Punjab (1882), which is the oldest university in Pakistan. Also located in Lahore are the Faisal Shaheed University of Engineering and Technology and numerous colleges and institutes. Lahore is a leading commercial and banking centre and it also contains about one-fifth of Pakistan's industrial establishments. Textiles are the single most important industry, but there are many rubber factories, as well as iron, steel, and other mills. It is also noted for gold and silver handicrafts. Railways and air services link Lahore with other major cities of Pakistan. more details

Sister Cities

Lahore has 14 sister cities in the world (aka "twin towns"): (Alphabetically Listed)

q Belgrade, Serbia (2007)

q Chicago, Illinois, United States (2007)

q Córdoba, Spain (1994)
q Dushanbe, Tajikistan.

q Fez, Morocco (1994)

q Fresno, California, USA

q Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom (2006)
q Isfahan, Iran (2004)
q Istanbul, Turkey (1975)
q Kortrijk, Belgium (1993)
q Mashad, Iran (2006)
q Samarkand, Uzbekistan (1995)
q Sariwon, North Korea (1988)
q Xian, China (1992)

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lahore

Nai Reesan Shehar Lahore Diyan
Athey Bigriyan Gallan Saunour Diyan

Panorama of Lahore


Railway Station, Lahore


Lahore Fort, Lahore


Mausoleum of Allama Iqbal


Newly restored Tollinton Market


Badshahi Mosque, Lahore


Shalimar Gardens, Lahore


Lahore Museum


Allama Iqbal International Airport

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